Size: 7'5" x 4'7"
Hamadans are hand-knotted on a vertical loom using a cotton warp and weft. Usually the weft is a single thread and the pile is of good quality wool sometimes mixed with camel hair, which is clipped medium to medium/long. These carpets use the Turkish knot with a density varying between 30 and 100 knots to the square inch. Almost all Hamadans have a fringe on one side while the opposite side terminates in a narrow selvedge. They are made in a wide range of sizes, though very large items are rare.
The majority of carpets known as Hamadan come from around fifty villages scattered over an area some sixty miles around the city. They possess a certain primitive charm and village authenticity, which is often the focal point of collectable appeal. The materials, by contrast, are of a very good quality. The different Hamadan areas are often called, improperly, Mosul, perhaps because it was to this city that carpets made in western Persia were sent for onward transmission to Constantinople. The best-known carpets of the Hamadan group are Borchelu and Khamseh. The first are carpets woven in the villages found to the east of Hamadan.